What is an EpiPen used for?
This medication is used in emergencies to treat very serious allergic reactions to insect stings/bites, foods, drugs, or other substances. Epinephrine acts quickly to improve breathing, stimulate the heart, raise a dropping blood pressure, reverse hives, and reduce swelling of the face, lips, and throat.
What does an EpiPen do to a normal person?
It constricts the blood vessels, leading to increased blood pressure, and decreased swelling. This allows the muscles around the airways to relax, causing the lungs to open. Epinephrine also prevents the release of more allergic chemicals, which stops the progression of the allergic response.
Who should carry an EpiPen?
So who needs an epinephrine device? Obviously, anyone who has had an anaphylactic reaction needs to carry one. People who have only had a small local reaction to a sting don’t need one.
Is an EpiPen the same as Benadryl?
An EpiPen® contains the medication epinephrine (also called adrenaline). Benadryl® and other over the counter allergy medications are commonly referred to as antihistamines. The medication in Benadryl® is called diphenhydramine.
Do you need to go to the hospital after using an EpiPen?
Seek emergency medical attention even after you use EpiPen to treat a severe allergic reaction. The effects may wear off after 10 or 20 minutes. You will need to receive further treatment and observation.
What happens if you inject an EpiPen without needing it?
An accidental injection to the hands or feet can impair blood flow to these areas and can potentially cause tissue death. This however, is the worst-case scenario. Symptoms of an accidental injection are not usually so severe and may include: temporary numbness or tingling.
How quickly does an EpiPen work?
Dr. Brown generally recommends between 5 and 15 minutes as a reasonable timeframe between doses to determine if the epinephrine has taken effect. She says that “if you have someone who looks like they are not breathing, they are turning blue, they are passed out, you would shorten the time window.”
How does an EpiPen make you feel?
SIDE EFFECTS: A fast/pounding heartbeat, nervousness, sweating, nausea, vomiting, trouble breathing, headache, dizziness, anxiety, shakiness, or pale skin may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
How long do EpiPens last?
Typically, the expiration dates for most drugs are set at two or three years from the time of manufacture. EpiPens have an even shorter shelf life—about 18 months.
Can you survive anaphylaxis without treatment?
Anaphylaxis happens fast and produces serious symptoms throughout the entire body. Without treatment, symptoms can cause serious health consequences and even death.
What to do if you have no EpiPen?
“If you have an anaphylactic reaction, but don’t have epinephrine, you have a difficult problem. If you have them, you can try to take antihistamines. But the gold standard for anaphylaxis is injectable Epinephrin,” said Schimelpfenig.
Can I get EpiPen over the counter?
Can I Buy EpiPens Online? An EpiPen is a prescription medication in the US and is not available over the counter (OTC). As such, one cannot just buy EpiPen online without first consulting with a medical provider.
Can Benadryl prevent anaphylactic shock?
“While the use of antihistamines might help some allergic symptoms such as rash or itching, those medications will not prevent death from anaphylaxis,” Dr. Wiley said.
Can Benadryl reverse anaphylaxis?
In severe cases, untreated anaphylaxis can lead to death within half an hour. An antihistamine pill, such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl), isn’t sufficient to treat anaphylaxis. These medications can help relieve allergy symptoms, but work too slowly in a severe reaction.
Can Benadryl be given with EpiPen?
First, an injection of epinephrine (EpiPen or EpiPen Jr) should be given to reduce the severity of the reaction. Second, taking liquid diphenhydramine (Benadryl) at a dose of 5 mg for every 10 lb of body weight, up to a maximum dose of 75 mg, also is recommended.