What is the Encomienda labor system?
The encomienda system is a labor system established by the Spanish Crown in the 1500s. This new system rewarded Spanish explorers, conquistadors, and military men with land in the New World. But they didn’t just get the land, they got the labor of the people living on the land as well.
What was the Encomienda system and why was it important?
Through encomienda system, Spanish government gave Indians to certain colonists in exchange for the promise to Christianize them. Significance: This system lead to future exploitation of natives and slaves.
What was the main purpose of the Encomienda system?
What was the goal and purpose of the Encomienda system and why didn’t it work? The goal was to enslave Native Americans and the purpose was to use the slaves as a labor source. It didn’t work because the Native Americans knew the land and could escape easily. they also were not immune to the diseases and died.
What was the Encomienda system quizlet?
The encomienda system was a labour system under which the Tainos had to work in the fields and mines belonging to the Spaniards. You just studied 7 terms!
What replaced the Encomienda system?
The encomienda system was generally replaced by the crown-managed repartimiento system throughout Spanish America after mid-sixteenth century.
What were the effects of the Encomienda system?
Cause & Effect: The cause of the Encomienda system was the Spanish crown offering land and Indian slaves to conquistadors going to the new world. The effect was heavy depopulation of Indians from brutality and disease leading into African slaves becoming a new labor force.
Why is Encomienda bad?
The encomienda system (in theory) was a feudal-like system where Spaniards would offer protection and education to the native populations in exchange for labor and money/gifts. In reality, the encomienda system was a horrible abuse of power and essentially slavery. Negatives include abuse, forced labor, and punishment.
What was the root of the Encomienda system?
The encomienda had its roots in the Spanish Reconquista (reconquest) of the Iberian Peninsula from the eighth to the fifteenth centuries. After the conquest of Granada in 1492, the Spanish crown parceled out lands as encomiendas to soldiers who were, in turn, to Christianize the Moors.
Where was the hacienda system used?
The hacienda system was widespread in Mexico, Chile, Bolivia, Argentina, Colombia, Guatemala, Peru, El Salvador, and New Granada, but it also existed in Puerto Rico and the Philippines.
Was the Encomienda system slavery?
Abstract. When the Spaniards conquered the New World, they resorted to a form of native labor organization called the encomienda. The encomienda differed from slavery in that the Crown imposed inheritance, trading, and relocation restrictions on encomenderos.
How was the Encomienda system like slavery?
The encomienda system was a slavery system except that the enslaved could not be sold off the land. The encomienda system was created by the Spanish to control and regulate American Indian labor and behavior during the colonization of the Americas.
How did the end of the Encomienda system lead to the use of African slaves?
The end of the encomienda system led to the Catholics/Spaniards stop using Native Americans for labor and instead using African slaves. Spain’s American colonies helped make it the richest, most powerful nation in the 16th century.
Why was there a shift from the Encomienda system to the asiento system?
(p. 8) Historical Significance: The encomienda system eventually led to the asiento system. The natives/slaves given (as part of the encomienda system) quickly perished due to disease and brutality. Thus, the Spanish had to bring slaves from Africa.
What replaced the Encomienda system quizlet?
“In the economies of the Spanish colonies, Indian labor, used in the Encomienda system to support plantation-based agriculture and extract precious metals and other resources, was gradually replaced by African slavery.” Since the Encomienda system is specifically mentioned in the framework, there is a good chance you
What replaced the Encomienda system Apush?
Eventually, the encomienda system was replaced by repartimiento, in which the native workers were allotted directly to the Spanish monarchy rather than individual Spaniards in the colonies.