What is the drug atropine used for?
Atropine is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of low heart rate (bradycardia), reduce salivation and bronchial secretions before surgery or as an antidote for overdose of cholinergic drugs or mushroom poisoning. Atropine may be used alone or with other medications.
What is atropine used for in an emergency?
It is used in emergency situations when the heart beats too slowly, as an antidote to for example organophosphate insecticide or nerve gas poisoning and in mushroom poisoning.
How does atropine work on the heart?
Atropine increases the heart rate and improves the atrioventricular conduction by blocking the parasympathetic influences on the heart.
What is the side effect of atropine?
Excess doses of atropine sulfate may cause side effects such as palpitations, dilated pupils, difficulty swallowing, hot dry skin, thirst, dizziness, restlessness, tremor, fatigue, and problems with coordination.
What does atropine do to blood pressure?
Atropine in clinical doses counteracts the peripheral dilatation and abrupt decrease in blood pressure produced by choline esters. However, when given by itself, atropine does not exert a striking or uniform effect on blood vessels or blood pressure.
What are the indications for atropine?
Intravenous (IV) atropine indications include patients with hypersalivation, bronchial secretions, or bradycardia. Large doses and repeat doses may be required. Ingestions especially require higher doses (up to 20 mg). Titrate to effect by monitoring the patient’s ability to clear excess secretions.
Why is atropine poisonous?
Discussion. Atropine causes anticholinergic toxicity; physostigmine reverses this by inhibiting acetylcholinesterase.
What are the contraindications of atropine?
Who should not take ATROPINE SULFATE?
- overactive thyroid gland.
- myasthenia gravis, a skeletal muscle disorder.
- closed angle glaucoma.
- high blood pressure.
- coronary artery disease.
- chronic heart failure.
- chronic lung disease.
- a change in saliva secretion.
What is the generic name for atropine?
ATROPINE SULFATE – OPHTHALMIC (Isopto Atropine) side effects, medical uses, and drug interactions.
Does atropine slow heart rate?
Atropine can cause bradycardia. Atropine has complex effects on heart rate: At low doses, atropine blocks M1 acetylcholine receptors in the parasympathetic ganglion controlling the SA node. This decreases heart rate (Bernheim 2004).
Can atropine cause heart attack?
Atropine should be used with caution during AMI because the drug can potentiate dysrhythmias. In addition, the increase in heart rate caused by atropine increases the oxygen demand on the heart and can exacerbate myocardial ischemia.
What is atropine target?
Atropine, which is on the WHO List of Essential Medicines, is a non-selective muscarinic receptor inhibitor used to treat acute sinus node dysfunction associated with bradycardia, complete atrioventricular block, and organophosphate and beta-blocker poisoning.
Is atropine a narcotic?
Controlled Substance: Diphenoxylate HCl and atropine sulfate tablets are classified as a Schedule V controlled substance by federal regulation. Diphenoxylate hydrochloride is chemically related to the narcotic analgesic meperidine.
Is atropine a poison?
Because of the hallucinogenic properties, some have used the drug recreationally, though this is potentially dangerous and often unpleasant. In overdoses, atropine is poisonous.
Does atropine make you sleepy?
This medicine may make you dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how this medicine affects you.