Quick Answer: What is phenol?

Is phenol harmful to humans?

Phenol is highly irritating to the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes in humans after acute (short-term) inhalation or dermal exposures. Phenol is considered to be quite toxic to humans via oral exposure.

What does phenol mean?

1: a corrosive poisonous crystalline acidic compound C6H5OH present in the tars of coal and wood that in dilute solution is used as a disinfectant. 2: any of various acidic compounds analogous to phenol and regarded as hydroxyl derivatives of aromatic hydrocarbons.

What is phenol used for?

Phenols are widely used in household products and as intermediates for industrial synthesis. For example, phenol itself is used (in low concentrations) as a disinfectant in household cleaners and in mouthwash. Phenol may have been the first surgical antiseptic.

What are phenols in food?

Phenols or phenolics are a manufactured class of weakly acidic water-soluble chemical compounds related to the organic chemical compound phenol naturally present in most foods.

What happens if you get phenol on your skin?

Phenol is extremely poisonous and corrosive. It can be absorbed across intact skin. As it initially may have anaesthetic effects, the phenol may cause extensive tissue damage before the casualty feels any pain.

What does phenol do to skin?

According to skincare professional Diana Yerkes, “phenol is an antiseptic that also preserves the tissue of the skin, therefore making it super important for acne prone skin, aging skin, ANY skin!

What is another name for phenol?


Systematic IUPAC name Benzenol
Other names Carbolic acid Phenylic acid Hydroxybenzene Phenic acid
CAS Number 108-95-2
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Is phenol acidic or basic?

Phenol is a very weak acid and the position of equilibrium lies well to the left. Phenol can lose a hydrogen ion because the phenoxide ion formed is stabilised to some extent. The negative charge on the oxygen atom is delocalised around the ring. The more stable the ion is, the more likely it is to form.

How do you make phenol?

You can prepare phenols in large quantities by the pyrolysis of the sodium salt of benzene sulfonic acid, by the Dow process, and by the air oxidation of cumene.

What does phenol do to bacteria?

Phenolics tend to be stable, persistent on surfaces, and less toxic than phenol. They inhibit microbial growth by denaturing proteins and disrupting membranes. Figure 1. Phenol and phenolic compounds have been used to control microbial growth.

What products contain phenol?

Phenol is a very common chemical and is regularly found in the following common products: air fresheners, aftershave, bronchial mists, chloroseptic throat spray, deodorants, feminine powders & sprays, hair spray, decongestants, mouthwash, aspirin, solvents, acne medications, antiseptics, calamine lotions, cleaning

How is phenol used in medicine?

Phenol has been used to disinfect skin and to relieve itching. Phenol is also used as an oral analgesic or anesthetic in products such as Chloraseptic to treat pharyngitis. Additionally, phenol and its related compounds are used in surgical ingrown toenail treatment, a process termed phenolization.

Are phenols antioxidants?

Phenolics are able to act as antioxidants in a number of ways. The antioxidant capacity of phenolic compounds is also attributed to their ability to chelate metal ions involved in the production of free radicals [13].

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What do phenols smell like?

It is a colorless-to-white solid when pure. The commercial product is a liquid. Phenol has a distinct odor that is sickeningly sweet and tarry. You can taste and smell phenol at levels lower than those that are associated with harmful effects.

Does coffee have phenols?

Coffee contains phenolic compounds with antioxidant activity. These molecules are found in plasma after the consumption of coffee, and it has been shown that, in vitro, they are able to decrease the susceptibility of LDL to oxidation.

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