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Question: What is mitral valve prolapse?

Is Mitral Valve Prolapse a serious condition?

Mitral valve prolapse is a common cause of a heart murmur caused by a “leaky” heart valve. Most cases of mitral valve prolapse are not serious and only need to be monitored. Mitral valve prolapse is associated with many other symptoms and conditions.

How is mitral valve prolapse treated?

Treatment

  1. Beta blockers. These drugs help prevent irregular heartbeats by making your heart beat more slowly and with less force, which reduces your blood pressure.
  2. Water pills (diuretics). Your doctor may prescribe diuretics to drain fluid from your lungs.
  3. Heart rhythm medications.
  4. Aspirin.
  5. Blood thinners.

Can mitral valve prolapse go away?

Although mitral valve prolapse is usually a lifelong disorder, many people with this condition never have symptoms. When diagnosed, people may be surprised to learn that they have a heart condition. When signs and symptoms do occur, it may be because blood is leaking backward through the valve.

When should I worry about mitral valve prolapse?

In most cases, mitral valve prolapse is not serious or life-threatening. Many people who have the condition experience no symptoms at all. However, the condition may get worse over time and cause symptoms to develop. Anyone who feels any sharp chest pain should speak to a doctor about it.

How often should mitral valve prolapse be checked?

Those with moderate regurgitation without symptoms should have a physical exam and an echocardiogram once a year. Severe mitral regurgitation without symptoms requires closer follow-up: a checkup and echocardiogram every six to 12 months, and a stress test if needed to gauge the ability to exercise.

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What triggers mitral valve prolapse?

The most common cause of MVP is abnormally stretchy valve leaflets (called myxomatous valve disease). Mitral valve prolapse occurs in around 2% of the population. A person can be born with the genetic risk of developing MVP. It also can be caused by other health problems, such as some connective tissue diseases.

Does exercise help mitral valve prolapse?

Aerobic exercise strengthens the heart and makes it more efficient and is generally recommended for those with MVP. Aerobic exercise including walking, jogging, swimming, or cycling, at a moderate pace for 30 minutes at a time is the safest way to begin exercise.

What is the best treatment for mitral valve prolapse?

People who develop severe mitral regurgitation because of mitral valve prolapse often can benefit from surgery to repair or replace the leaky valve. For people with symptoms of congestive heart failure caused by mitral valve prolapse with mitral regurgitation, surgery is usually the best treatment.

Does mitral valve prolapse make you tired?

Most people with mitral valve prolapse have no symptoms, however, those who do commonly complain of symptoms may experience: Fatigue is the most common symptom of mitral valve prolapse, although the reason for fatigue is not understood.

Can you live a normal life with mitral valve prolapse?

Most people with mitral valve prolapse can lead active, long lives. It is important to receive ongoing medical care to monitor your condition, to follow a heart healthy diet and get regular exercise. If symptoms appear or worsen, they can usually be controlled with medicines.

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Does weight loss help mitral valve prolapse?

Successful weight loss reduces blood volume, heart size, mitral annular size and reduces blood pressure. As a result we believe that weight loss will reduce the amount functional mitral regurgitation and are running this study to investigate this.

Is mitral valve prolapse hereditary?

Mitral valve prolapse is an inherited autosomal dominant condition irrespective of clinical findings, and the mitral prolapse gene shows age and sex dependent expression. Mitral valve prolapse appears to be the commonest mendelian cardiovascular abnormality in humans.

Is Mitral Valve Prolapse a form of heart disease?

The primary form of Mitral Valve Prolapse is seen frequently in people with Marfan’s Syndrome or other inherited connective tissue diseases, but is most often seen in people with no other form of heart disease.

Does mitral valve prolapse cause high blood pressure?

If you have long-term untreated or improperly treated mitral regurgitation, you can develop a type of high blood pressure that affects the vessels in the lungs (pulmonary hypertension). A leaky mitral valve can increase pressure in the left atrium, which can eventually cause pulmonary hypertension.

What are the symptoms of a bad mitral valve?

Signs and symptoms of mitral valve disease may include:

  • Abnormal heart sound (heart murmur) heard through a stethoscope.
  • Fatigue.
  • Shortness of breath, particularly when you have been very active or when you lie down.
  • Irregular heartbeat.

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