What do kleptomaniacs steal?
Kleptomania, or compulsive stealing, is a common cause of theft that many forget about. This type of stealing is about a psychological compulsion instead of a desire to profit or gain something material or financial, as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition.
Can a kleptomaniac go to jail?
In addition to emotional distress, kleptomania often has legal consequences. Between 64 and 87 percent of patients with kleptomania have been arrested and 15 to 23 percent have been incarcerated after their crime.
Is kleptomania a form of OCD?
Kleptomania is frequently thought of as being a part of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), since the irresistible and uncontrollable actions are similar to the frequently excessive, unnecessary, and unwanted rituals of OCD. Some individuals with kleptomania demonstrate hoarding symptoms that resemble those with OCD.
How do you deal with a kleptomaniac?
Your doctor may consider prescribing:
- An addiction medication called naltrexone, an opioid antagonist, which may reduce the urges and pleasure associated with stealing.
- An antidepressant — specifically a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)
- Other medications or a combination of medications.
Are Kleptomaniacs aware?
DSM-5 notes that the theft is not done to express anger or vengeance, or in response to a delusion or hallucination. Some kleptomaniacs are not even consciously aware that they are committing a theft until later.
What triggers kleptomania?
The cause of kleptomania is not known. Several theories suggest that changes in the brain may be at the root of kleptomania. More research is needed to better understand these possible causes, but kleptomania may be linked to: Problems with a naturally occurring brain chemical (neurotransmitter) called serotonin.
How often do kleptomaniacs steal?
How common is kleptomania? Although shoplifting is common, true kleptomania is quite rare (0.3 to 0.6 percent of the general population). It has been estimated that between 4 and 24 percent of shoplifters have kleptomania.
Is kleptomania a legal defense?
Though kleptomania is a legitimate mental health condition recognized by the medical establishment, it cannot be used as a legal criminal defense. In other words, an individual is fully responsible for their stealing activity and can be prosecuted despite a diagnosis of kleptomania.
Why does a child steal?
Some kids steal because they feel something is missing in their lives. What’s missing may be love or attention. Or simple things like food and clothing. They may be angry, sad, scared, or jealous.
Do stores track down shoplifters?
Many retailers – even small ones – work hard to track down shoplifters and retrieve stolen goods. Parking lot cameras can pick up the vehicle make and model a shoplifter is driving, often including the license plate number.
How is kleptomania diagnosed?
Kleptomania is typically diagnosed by a physician or mental health professional. Because kleptomania commonly co-occurs with other conditions such as eating disorders, substance and alcohol abuse, and anxiety disorders, it is often diagnosed when people are referred to a doctor for their comorbid psychiatric symptoms.
What are the 4 types of OCD?
The 4 Types of OCD
- forbidden thoughts.