FAQ

Why do people need bone marrow transplants?

What is the average life expectancy after bone marrow transplant?

Although only 62% of patients survived the first year post-BMT, 98.5% of patients alive after 6 years survived at least another year. Almost 1/3 (31%) of the deaths in long-term survivors resulted from causes unrelated to transplantation or relapse.

Can you live without bone marrow transplant?

Without bone marrow, our bodies could not produce the white cells we need to fight infection, the red blood cells we need to carry oxygen, and the platelets we need to stop bleeding. Some illnesses and treatments can destroy the bone marrow.

Can you live a normal life after a bone marrow transplant?

Some 62% of BMT patients survived at least 365 days, and of those surviving 365 days, 89% survived at least another 365 days. Of the patients who survived 6 years post-BMT, 98.5% survived at least another year.

What is the success rate of bone marrow transplants for leukemia?

The survival rates after transplant for patients with acute leukemia in remission are 55% to 68% with related donors and 26% to 50% if the donor is unrelated.

What happens if a bone marrow transplant fails?

Graft failure can lead to serious bleeding and/or infection. Graft failure is suspected in patients whose counts do not start going up within 3 to 4 weeks of a bone marrow or peripheral blood transplant, or within 7 weeks of a cord blood transplant.

What Happens When leukemia comes back after bone marrow transplant?

Disease recurrence is a devastating event after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation as treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Median time to relapse is approximately 4 months and the majority of relapses occur within 2 years after transplant. The prognosis is usually poor.

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How much does a bone marrow transplant cost?

Out of this expenditure, bone marrow transplantation (BMT) accounted for $810 million with procedure costs averaging between $100,000 and $300,000 per patient, making it one of the single most costly health care procedures [2].

What is the difference between bone marrow transplant and stem cell transplant?

A bone marrow transplant is a medical treatment that replaces your bone marrow with healthy cells. The replacement cells can either come from your own body or from a donor. A bone marrow transplant is also called a stem cell transplant or, more specifically, a hematopoietic stem cell transplant.

What disqualifies you from being a bone marrow donor?

If you have serious kidney problems such as polycystic kidney disease and are over 40 years old, or chronic glomerulonephritis (any age), you will not be able to donate. If you have had a kidney removed due to disease, you may not be able to donate.

What is life like after a bone marrow transplant?

It can take 6 to 12 months, or even longer, for blood counts to get close to normal and your immune system to work well. During this time, your team will still be closely watching you. Some problems might show up as much as a year or more after the stem cells were infused.

How long does it take to know if a bone marrow transplant is successful?

Until now, daily blood tests have been used to assess whether the newly transplanted healthy cells have survived and started to multiply in the bone marrow, a process called engraftment. But it takes two to four weeks, sometimes more, before doctors have an idea about whether the transplant was successful.

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How serious is a bone marrow transplant?

A bone marrow transplant poses numerous risks. Some people experience minimal problems with a bone marrow transplant, while others can have serious complications that require treatment or hospitalization. Sometimes, complications are life-threatening.

What are the long term side effects of a bone marrow transplant?

Long-term side effects

  • Infertility, meaning you cannot become pregnant or make a woman pregnant when you want to.
  • Cataracts, an eye condition that causes cloudy vision.
  • Sexual side effects and early menopause.
  • Thyroid problems.
  • Lung or bone damage.
  • Another cancer.

How long do you stay in the hospital after stem cell transplant?

Many people are well enough to leave hospital between 1 and 3 months after the transplant. However, if you develop complications such as an infection, you may not be able to leave hospital for longer.

Can leukemia be cured?

Today, more than 376,000 Americans are in remission from leukemia. Their cancer is not cured, but treatment is working to keep the cancer from growing. A complete remission means there are no signs of the disease in the body. About 23,000 people die each year from leukemia.

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