When should an EpiPen be administered?
If you have been prescribed EpiPen®, you should carry it with you at all times and use it immediately at the first signs and symptoms of a severe allergic reaction. In a severe allergic emergency, quick symptom recognition and immediate treatment are vital.
What happens when you use an EpiPen when not needed?
An accidental injection to the hands or feet can impair blood flow to these areas and can potentially cause tissue death. This however, is the worst-case scenario. Symptoms of an accidental injection are not usually so severe and may include: temporary numbness or tingling.
Do you have to go to the hospital after using an EpiPen?
You should always be checked out at the ER after using your EpiPen. That is not because of the epinephrine, but because the allergic reaction probably requires further monitoring. Many patients also need more than one dose of epinephrine or other emergency treatments.
When do you need an EpiPen for bee stings?
If you‘ve had an allergic reaction to a bee sting, your doctor will prescribe you an epinephrine auto-injector such as EpiPen. This should be carried with you at all times and is used to treat anaphylactic reactions. Your doctor may also refer you to an allergist.
How quickly does an EpiPen work?
Dr. Brown generally recommends between 5 and 15 minutes as a reasonable timeframe between doses to determine if the epinephrine has taken effect. She says that “if you have someone who looks like they are not breathing, they are turning blue, they are passed out, you would shorten the time window.”
How long do you hold an EpiPen in place?
Hold the auto-injector in place until all the medicine is injected—usually no more than 3 seconds. Remove the needle by pulling the pen straight out. A protective shield will cover the needle as soon as it is removed from the thigh. Put the injector back into its safety tube.
What does an EpiPen do to a normal person?
It constricts the blood vessels, leading to increased blood pressure, and decreased swelling. This allows the muscles around the airways to relax, causing the lungs to open. Epinephrine also prevents the release of more allergic chemicals, which stops the progression of the allergic response.
What can I use if I don’t have an EpiPen?
“If you have an anaphylactic reaction, but don’t have epinephrine, you have a difficult problem. If you have them, you can try to take antihistamines. But the gold standard for anaphylaxis is injectable Epinephrin,” said Schimelpfenig.
What to do after using EpiPen?
Seek emergency medical attention even after you use EpiPen to treat a severe allergic reaction. The effects may wear off after 10 or 20 minutes. You will need to receive further treatment and observation.
Will Benadryl stop anaphylaxis?
An antihistamine pill, such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl), isn’t sufficient to treat anaphylaxis. These medications can help relieve allergy symptoms, but work too slowly in a severe reaction.
What are two signs of anaphylaxis?
- Skin reactions, including hives and itching and flushed or pale skin.
- Low blood pressure (hypotension)
- Constriction of your airways and a swollen tongue or throat, which can cause wheezing and trouble breathing.
- A weak and rapid pulse.
- Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea.
- Dizziness or fainting.
Why do you have to go to the ER after using an epipen?
Everyone who’s had an anaphylactic reaction needs to be examined and monitored in an emergency room. This is because anaphylaxis isn’t always a single reaction. The symptoms can rebound, returning hours or even days after you get an epinephrine injection.
Does Benadryl help with bee stings?
Apply hydrocortisone cream or calamine lotion to ease redness, itching or swelling. If itching or swelling is bothersome, take an oral antihistamine that contains diphenhydramine (Benadryl) or chlorpheniramine. Avoid scratching the sting area. This will worsen itching and swelling and increase your risk of infection.
Can anaphylaxis occur hours later?
Some reactions can occur after several hours, particularly if the allergen causes a reaction after it has been eaten. In very rare cases, reactions develop after 24 hours. Anaphylaxis is a sudden and severe allergic reaction that occurs within minutes of exposure.
How soon after a bee sting does anaphylaxis occur?
Anaphylaxis can occur within minutes – the average is around 20 minutes after exposure to the allergen. Symptoms may be mild at first, but tend to get worse rapidly. Typical symptoms and signs may include: Facial swelling, including swelling of the lips and eyelids.