When should you use the subjunctive?
The subjunctive mood has one other use: to express wishes and hypothetical situations. Typically, this type of statement includes the word if. If I were a cat, I would lie in the sun all day. It’s only obvious that you‘re using the subjunctive mood when you‘re using the verb to be.
Do you use subjunctive with Je pense que?
The verbs “penser”, “espérer”, and “croire” do not take the subjunctive, unless they are negated. “Je pense que” takes the indicative. “Je ne pense pas que” takes the subjunctive. If you want to talk about the future in the subjunctive, you must use the present subjunctive tense.
Where can I use Subjonctif?
1 Using the subjunctive
- In French the subjunctive is used after certain verbs and conjunctions when two parts of a sentence have different subjects.
- Sometimes, in a sentence like We want her to be happy, you use the infinitive of the verb in English (to be).
What phrases use subjunctive in French?
14 – List of French Subjunctive Phrases
- il faut que – it’s necessary.
- il vaut mieux que – it’s better.
- il est/ c’est important que – it’s important.
- il est / c’est dommage que – it’s too bad.
- il est / c’est impossible – it’s impossible that.
- il est / c’est possible que – it’s possible that.
How do you use the present subjunctive?
The present subjunctive mood is normally used when speaking about a thought, belief, expectation or assumption – and despite the name, this form can be used to speak about a future action (as well as a present action). For example: I hope you are fine – Espero que estés bien (present)
What are the 5 verb moods?
When considering mood in grammar, there are five basic types: conditional, imperative, indicative, interrogative, and subjunctive.
What is an example of a subjunctive?
Examples of subjunctive in a Sentence
Adjective In “I wish it were Friday,” the verb “were” is in the subjunctive mood. Noun “I wish it were not so” is in the subjunctive. Subjunctives can be used to express doubt.
Is J espere que subjunctive?
Espérer may require the subjunctive, depending on whether it is used affirmatively, negatively, or interrogatively. Espérer in the affirmative = no subjunctive. J’espère que sa mère viendra. Espérer in the negative or interrogative = subjunctive.
What is the indicative in French?
The indicative is a personal mood and is the most commonly used mood in French. French has 10 indicative tenses, but not all of them are used in everyday language. To learn how to conjugate verbs in other moods in French such as the conditional, the imperative and the subjunctive, go to the section on verbs.
How do you know when to use the subjunctive or indicative in French?
The subjunctive is used after verbs and expressions of doubt, denial, and disbelief. The indicative tenses, which state facts (present, passé composé, imperfect, and future) are used after verbs and expressions of certainty and probability.
What triggers the subjunctive in French?
In French, feelings like doubt and desire require the subjunctive, as do expressions of necessity, possibility, and judgment. It can be helpful to consider them in themed groups: Preferences, Advice, Needs, Desires, Orders. Additional Subjunctive Triggers.
How do you stop the subjunctive in French?
Here are five tips on how to avoid using the subjunctive:
- Rather than using impersonal verbs with que + the subjunctive, replace it with the infinitive.
- Replace que with si.
- You can also express doubt or possibility through the use of an adverb, rather than the subjunctive structure.
How do you use the past subjunctive in French?
Usage of the Past Subjunctive. Le passé du subjonctif is used to express an uncertain action that supposedly happened before the moment of speaking. We employ it when the verb in the subordinate clause, the verb that follows que, happened before the verb in the main clause.
How do you do subjunctive in French?
All regular -er, -ir, and -re verbs as well as many irregular verbs* are conjugated according to this pattern:
- Start with the present tense ils conjugation of the verb.
- Drop –ent to find the subjunctive stem.
- Add the appropriate subjunctive ending: -e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent.
How many subjunctive tenses are there in French?
What is the French subjunctive mood? The subjunctive is actually made up of four tenses (the present subjunctive, past subjunctive, imperfect subjunctive, and the pluperfect subjunctive).