When we seek out information that supports our stereotypes we are engaged in what?
In this process, known as confirmation bias, we seek out information that supports our stereotypes and ignore information that is inconsistent with our stereotypes (Wason & Johnson-Laird, 1972).
What kind of bias seeks out information that supports our stereotypes while ignoring information that is inconsistent with our stereotypes?
In reality, all of us are susceptible to a tricky problem known as a confirmation bias. Our beliefs are often based on paying attention to the information that upholds them—while at the same time tending to ignore the information that challenges them.
When we’re there is something about the situation that is causing a behavior we are making ano attribution?
Situational attribution is such that looks at the outside factor that is causing an act. One of the example of situational attribution is that a person scored well in his exam because it was an an easy paper, here easy paper is the external factor that’s why the person scored well.
Which of the following best describes the bystander effect?
Which one the following best describes the bystander effect? It is a phenomenon in which the chances that someone will help in an emergency decrease as the number of people present increases.
What is cognitive dissonance theory in psychology?
The term cognitive dissonance is used to describe the mental discomfort that results from holding two conflicting beliefs, values, or attitudes. This inconsistency between what people believe and how they behave motivates people to engage in actions that will help minimize feelings of discomfort.
Which of the following is a cause of prejudice?
One bad experience with a person from a particular group can cause a person to think of all people from that group in the same way. This is called stereotyping and can lead to prejudice.
What are the 3 types of bias?
Three types of bias can be distinguished: information bias, selection bias, and confounding. These three types of bias and their potential solutions are discussed using various examples.
What is an example of a bias?
Bias means that a person prefers an idea and possibly does not give equal chance to a different idea. Bias can be influenced by a number of factors, such as popularity (for example, a newspaper might be biased towards a particular political party due to their employees sharing the same political beliefs as that party).
Is there anything good about confirmation bias?
Confirmation bias is important because it may lead people to hold strongly to false beliefs or to give more weight to information that supports their beliefs than is warranted by the evidence. These factors may lead to risky decision making and lead people to overlook warning signs and other important information.
What is the concept of attribution?
In social psychology, attribution is the process of inferring the causes of events or behaviors. The attributions you make each and every day has an important influence on your feelings as well as how you think and relate to other people.
What factors influence attribution?
In making causal attributions, people tend to focus on three factors: consensus, consistency, and distinctiveness. The fundamental attribution error is a tendency to underestimate the effects of external or situational causes of behavior and overestimate the effects of personal causes.
How does attribution theory explain behavior?
Attribution theory is concerned with how ordinary people explain the causes of behavior and events. “Attribution theory deals with how the social perceiver uses information to arrive at causal explanations for events. It examines what information is gathered and how it is combined to form a causal judgment”.
Which of the following features of group therapy helps individuals?
Group therapy helps individuals develop communication skills and socialization skills, and allows clients to learn how to express their issues and accept criticism from others. Group therapy allows individuals to develop self-awareness by listening to others with similar issues.
Which type of message characteristic has proved to be the most effective when persuading an audience?
A persuasive message is more likely to be effective if it is: Delivered face-to-face. Other things equal (once again), personal communication is generally more effective than less personal forms, in large part because it gets the audience’s attention.
What is the primary focus of social psychology?
Social psychology is focused on situations. Social psychologists are interested in the impact that the social environment and group interactions have on attitudes and behaviors.